K. Grigorova-Petrova, D. Lubenova, A. Dimitrova
National Sports Academy Vassil Levski – Sofia, Bulgaria

Objective: To study the effect of application of the feedback breathing device and therapeutic exercises on motor deficits and respiratory disorders in patients with ischemic stroke.

Material and Methods: Ten patients (NIHHS – up to 14 points, Glasgow-Liege scale – 20 points) with acute ischemic stroke were studied. Changes of trunk control (Trunk Kontrol Test), pulmonary function (spirometry), inspiratory capacity (feedback breathing device for inspiratory training) were measured before and after physical therapy program.

Results: Respiratory training of breathing disorders improves pulmonary function – forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume 1 sec (%), peak expiratory flow and inspiratory capacity. The methodology of physical therapy improves trunk control and body transfer of stroke patients in the clinical setting.

Discussion: Using a feedback breathing device is possible in patients with ischemic stroke in the clinical setting. The study revealed that physical therapy program is beneficial for recovery in-hospital patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Key words: breathing device, exercise, stroke.

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