A. Ryazantseva, V. Alifirova, N. Brazovskaya, A. Pribilskaya
SibGMU – Tomsk, Russia

Objective: Correction of motor disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis using biofeedback training.

Materials and Methods: The study involved 9 patients with a documented diagnosis of MS with pyramidal and cerebellar symptoms. In 5 (55.5%) patients diagnosed with remitting type of the disease (RRMS) in 4 (44.5%) – secondary progressive (SPMS). Disease duration 14,5 ±5,2 years, in 4 patients (44.5%) are dominated by the pyramidal disorders, 2 patients (22.2%) – cerebellar disorders, equal severity - in 3 patients (33.3%).

During biofeedback training used an individual approach and the optimal set of exercises based on their patient's complaints and clinical manifestations of the disease. exercises were aimed at forces operating time in the paretic muscle (quadriceps) and the development of coordination in the hand. For biofeedback training uses a hardware-software complex Reakor.Until and after the course sessions of biofeedback therapy was assessed quality of life (SF-36), the evaluation of disease impact profile (SIP) and the fatigue scale (FSS). For the processing of the results of the program were used for statistical analysis SPSS 11.5 and Statistica 6.0.

Results: In the treatment group showed a statistically significant dynamics of (non-parametric Wilcoxon test for paired comparisons) decreased fatigue rating scale FSS (p<0,05), increased motor control SIP2 (p<0,05), physical (p<0,05) and psychological (p <0,05) component health.

Discussion: The positive results of the application of biofeedback therapy in patients with MS to support the use of this method in the complex rehabilitation measures for the correction of motor and psycho-emotional disorders.

Key words: biofeedback, MS.

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